Mahatma Gandhi, born on 2 October, 1869, was a prolific writer, who published some of his books, and worked in many newspapers. EBNW Story features all about his literary works.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, famously known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on 2 October, 1869 in a Hindu family in coastal Gujarat. He was an Indian lawyer, anti-colonial nationalist, a prolific writer, and political ethicist who employed nonviolent resistance to lead the successful campaign for India’s independence.
Gandhi’s birthday is commemorated in India as a national holiday, Gandhi Jayanti, and worldwide as the Internation Day of Nonviolence.
Mahatma Gandhi literary works:
- Hind Swaraj
Published in 1909, in Gujarati language, Hind Swaraj became “the intellectual blueprint” for India’s independence movement. Gandhi wrote the book in his native language of Gujarati while travelling from London to South Africa. It was also translated into English the next year with “No Rights Reserved” for copyright.
- The Story of My Experiments with Truth
This is an autobiography written by Gandhi, which covers his life from early childhood through to 1921. Written in weekly installments, it was published in his journal Navjivan from 1925 to 1929. Starting with his birth and parentage, the book covers everything from his childhood to his steady work for political awakening and social activities. It was designated as one of the “100 Best Spiritual Books of the 20th Century”.
- Newspaper editing
For decades, Gandhi edited several newspapers which includes Harijan in Gujarati, Hindi and English; Indian Opinion while he was in South Africa; Young India in English; Navajivan, a Gujarati monthly, while he was on his way back to India, which was also published in Hindi later.
- Other works
Gandhi paraphrased John Ruskin’s Unto This Last in Gujarati. He also wrote on vegetarianism, diet and health, religion, social reforms, etc. He wrote letters to individuals and newspapers almost everyday.