Shri Guru Jambheshwar, affectionately known as Guru Jambhoji, is a revered figure in history who established the Bishnoi Panth, a spiritual movement with profound teachings that resonate through time. Born in the year 1451 in the rustic village of Pipasar, Nagaur, he emerged from a Rajput lineage of the Parmar clan. During his early years, Guru Jambheshwar exhibited a tranquil and introspective demeanor, spending his formative years as a humble cow herder, a vocation that immersed him in the rhythms of nature.
At the age of 34, a transformative moment occurred as Guru Jambheshwar founded the Bishnoi sub-sect within Vaishnavism, an event that marked the inception of a spiritual journey. His teachings flowed in the eloquent and lyrical form of Shabadwani, resonating with the hearts of those who listened. Over the course of 51 years, he traversed the expanse of the country, sharing his wisdom and insights. His poetic verses, totaling 120 Shabads, held a mirror to life’s truths and complexities.
The Bishnoi Panth’s emergence followed a period of extreme drought in Rajasthan in 1485. At its core were the 29 principles Guru Jambheshwar laid down for his followers. His teachings advocated for the reverence of life in all its forms – animals, plants, and humanity. The sacredness of the Khejri tree, symbolizing the harmony of nature, became a cornerstone of the Bishnoi ethos. Among these principles, eight emphasized biodiversity preservation and responsible animal care, seven addressed ethical social conduct, and ten focused on personal hygiene and well-being. Additionally, four principles guided the daily worship of Vishnu, infusing spirituality into daily life.
Guru Jambheshwar’s legacy is etched in time, and the Bishnoi community pays homage through various temples. The “Mukti Dham MUKAM” temple in the village of Mukam, Nokha tehsil, stands as a sacred testament to his teachings. Additionally, the Guru Jambeshwar University of Science and Technology in Hisar, Haryana, proudly carries his name, reflecting his commitment to knowledge and spirituality.
The chronicles of Guru Jambheshwar’s life paint a vivid picture. Born during the auspicious moment of Shri Krishna Janmashtami, his early years as a cowherd allowed him to intimately connect with the arid landscapes of the Thar Desert. The loss of his parents marked a turning point, as he renounced his worldly possessions and established the Bishnoi faith at Samarathal Dhora, on Kartik Vadi 8, Vikram Samwat 1542.
In his teachings and actions, Guru Jambheshwar defied societal norms, advocating for unity beyond divisions and stressing the profound interdependence between humanity and nature. His influence transcended his time, guiding generations toward a path of coexistence, compassion, and spiritual enlightenment. Guru Jambhoji’s legacy, intertwined with nature’s wisdom, continues to inspire souls on their quest for inner harmony and communion with the universe.