Priyanshi Pareek reports on Radha Rani Temple of Barsana
The Shri Radha Rani Temple is a significant Hindu temple situated in Barsana, within the Mathura district of Uttar Pradesh, India. This temple venerates the goddess Radha, with the primary deities being Radha and Krishna, worshipped as Shri Laadli Lal, meaning the beloved daughter and son of the town, together in harmony.
The Radha Rani Temple, possibly established 5000 years ago by King Vajranabh, Krishna’s descendant, deteriorated before Narayan Bhatt rediscovered its icons. In 1675 AD, Raja Bir Singh Deo built a temple, later reconstructed with Raja Todarmal’s aid during Akbar’s time by Narayan Bhatt.
Legend has it that Nanda, Krishna’s father, and Vrishbhanu, Radha’s father, were close friends. Fleeing the oppression of Mathura’s king, Kamsa, they settled in Nandgaon and Barsana respectively. Nanda made Nandishvar hill his home, while Vrishbhanu settled at Bhanugarh hill, which eventually became Radha’s abode. Both Barsana and Nandgaon now boast historical temples dedicated to Radha and Krishna atop Nandishvar and Bhanugarh hills respectively. The Nandgaon temple is known as Nand Bhawan, while the Barsana temple is revered as the Radha Rani Temple or Shriji Temple.
The Shreeji Temple in Barsana showcases Mughal-influenced Rajput architecture with red sandstone, detailed carvings, arches, domes, and stunning paintings. Constructed using red and white stones symbolizing Radha and Krishna’s love, the temple resembles a magnificent palace from the Mughal era.
The Shreeji Temple’s ascent involves over 200 stairs, leading to Vrishabhanu Maharaj’s palace at the base, housing idols of Vrishabhanu Maharaj, Kirtida, Shridama (Radha’s sibling), and Shri Radhika. Nearby, the Brahma temple stands, along with the Ashtasakhi temple venerating Radha and her principal friends. Situated atop the hill, the temple offers a panoramic view encompassing the entirety of Barsana.
Radhashtami and Krishna Janmashtami, celebrating Radha and Krishna’s birthdays, stand as the main festivals at the Radha Rani temple. The temple is adorned with flowers, balloons, and lights on these occasions. The deities are dressed in new attire and jewelry before the ceremonial “Aarti.” During these festivities, a special offering of 56 dishes, known as “Chappan Bhog,” is presented to Radha Krishna, later shared among devotees as blessed “Prasada.”
Additionally, Lathmar Holi holds significance, drawing devotees and tourists to the temple. This vibrant celebration begins a week ahead of Holi and extends until Rang Panchami, attracting visitors to join the festive fervor in Barsana.
The time zone observed through India by the priest.
Summer Timings – Morning 05:00 am to 02:00 pm and Evening 05:00 pm to 09:00 pm.
Winter Timings – Morning 05:30 am to 02:00 pm and Evening 05:00 pm to 08:30 pm.