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Jallianwala Bagh Massacre: Hundreds left dead and wounded as Gen Dyer fired incessantly on them

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, also called as the Massacre of Amritsar, was reported on April 13, 1919, in which British troops fired incessantly on a large crowd of unarmed Indians in an open park known as the Jallianwala Bagh situated in Amritsar district of the Punjab state of India, which killed several hundreds of people and wounded many hundreds more. 

It marked a turning point in India’s modern history and left a permanent scar on Indo-British relations.

The British government which was the Government of India in pre independence times passed the Rowlatt Acts in early 1919 which brought in distress and anguish among people especially in Punjab.

Brigadier General Reginald Edward Harry Dyer was given the task to restore peace and order. All public gatherings were banned.

On April 13, a crowd of at least 10,000 men, women, and children gathered in the Jallianwala Bagh, which was nearly completely enclosed by walls and had only one exit. Dyer and his soldiers reached the spot, sealed off the exit and without warning, opened fire on the crowd, reportedly shooting hundreds of rounds until they ran out of ammunition.

Around 379 people were killed, and about 1,200 were wounded. After they ceased firing, the troops withdrew from the place, leaving behind the dead and wounded.

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