Guru Arjan Dev ji was the fifth guru of the Sikhs. Shaheed Diwas or Chabeel Day is marked on the Martyrdom Day of this Sikh Guru who laid the foundation of Harmandar Sahib which is also known as Golden Temple.
Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Sikh Guru, compiled the first edition of the holy Sikh scripture, the Adi Granth, which was later expanded into the Guru Granth Sahib. This was his 415th Martyrdom Day which is remembered “for his supreme sacrifice” and “contribution towards the compilation of Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji and the construction of Sri Harmandir Sahib.”
In 1588 AD, Guru Arjan Dev laid the foundation of the Harmandar Sahib known as Golden Temple.
- Guru Arjan Dev was arrested on Mughal Emperor Jahangir orders and was asked to convert to Islam but the Guru refused. He was executed in 1606.
- Guru Arjan Dev laid the foundation of the Golden Temple and also prepared the map of the Golden Temple under his guidance.
- The doors of the Golden Temple symbolise acceptance of all four castes and religions.
- Guru Arjan Dev started the Masands system urging Sikhs to donate one-tenth of their income for charity.