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India Becomes the First Country to Prepare a Comprehensive List of Fauna

India has achieved a historic milestone by launching the “Fauna of India Checklist Portal,” marking the first time any country has recorded its entire wildlife inventory. This comprehensive collection, listing 1,04,561 species, was unveiled in Kolkata on the 109th Foundation Day of the Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) by Union Environment Minister Bhupender Yadav.

Significance of the Fauna Checklist

The ‘Fauna of India Checklist Portal’ includes 121 checklists for 36 phyla, providing detailed information on known taxa, including endemic, endangered, and scheduled species. This initiative is crucial for several reasons:

  • Conservation and Protection: The portal establishes a fundamental method for monitoring changes in biodiversity, identifying species that require immediate conservation efforts.
  • Scientific Research: Offering a comprehensive list of the country’s fauna, the checklist is invaluable for scientific research, enhancing understanding of biodiversity and facilitating sustainable natural resource management.
  • Policy and Planning: The detailed data supports the development of informed policies and programs aimed at safeguarding wildlife, preserving habitats, and managing the environment holistically.

Global Leadership and Conservation Initiatives

India’s success in creating this checklist underscores its leadership in biodiversity documentation, setting a benchmark for other nations. During the launch, Minister Bhupender Yadav highlighted several initiatives reflecting India’s commitment to environmental conservation. Notable among these are the “Ek Ped Maa Ke Naam” project and the International Big Cat Alliance. The recent successful cheetah relocations further demonstrate effective wildlife conservation strategies.

Impact and Future Prospects

The checklist is poised to become an indispensable resource for taxonomists, researchers, academics, policymakers, and conservationists. It signifies India’s dedication to biodiversity conservation and solidifies its role as a global environmental steward. This significant achievement lays the foundation for continued leadership in international environmental protection efforts.

India’s pioneering initiative not only protects its rich wildlife heritage but also inspires global action towards comprehensive biodiversity documentation and conservation.

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