Bharatpur history dates back to 5th century BC, during the time of Matsya kingdom. The Matsyas, are known to be allies of the Pandavas in the Mahabharata war.
The origin of the name Bharatpur goes back to Ramayana era. The city has been named after Bharat, younger brother of Lord Ram.
Also Laxman, the younger brother of Ram, has been given the significant position as that of the family deity of Bharatpur royal family. His name can also be seen in the state seals and coat-of-arms.
In the early 18th century, Maharaja Surajmal captured the fort of Bharatpur by conquering Khemkaran, the rival chieftain and laid the foundation for Bharatpur. The brave Maharaja was keen to expand the cities and is credited with building the numerous forts and palaces that dot the kingdom, including the Pleasure Palace Complex at Deeg.
About Keoladeo Ghana National Park (KNP)
Bharatpur is home to one of the world’s best-known bird watching destinations, Keoladeo Ghana National Park (KNP). Around 250 years ago, the then ruler built embankments that allowed flooding of this land, turning it into a marsh. Named after the dense jungle that surrounded an old Shiva Temple, this 29 square kilometre man-made wetland is renowned for migratory birds – ducks, geese, waders, raptors, flycatchers and more. In winter, avid birders and ornithologists flock to the park to observe and study the feathered beauties. With more than 370 recorded species, KNP used to also host the Siberian crane. It is a World Heritage Site.