Priyanshi Pareek reports on Global Hunger Index Of 2023..
The global hunger index is a means of monitoring whether countries are achieving hunger-related SDGs. It can be used for international ranking.
The global hunger index captures three dimensions of hunger: insufficient availability of food, shortfalls in the nutritional status of children and child mortality (which is, to a large extent, attributable to undernutrition). Accordingly, the index includes three equally weighted indicators: the proportion of people who are food energy-deficient, as estimated by FAO.
According to the report, the compounding impacts of climate change, conflicts, economic shocks, the global pandemic, and the Russia-Ukraine war have exacerbated social and economic inequalities and slowed or reversed previous progress in reducing hunger in many countries.
According to the GHI 2023 report, Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Chile, China are among the top ranked countries (i.e., low level of hunger) and Yemen, Madagascar, Central African Republic are the bottom.
The GHI 2023 score for the world is 18.3, considered moderate, showing minimal improvement since 2015.
The main objective of GHI 2023 is to comprehensively measure and track global, regional, and national hunger.
India at GHI 2023:
In the Global Hunger Index 2023, India ranked 111th out of 125 countries, indicating a serious level of hunger.
Neighbouring countries, such as Pakistan (102nd), Bangladesh (81st), Nepal (69th), and Sri Lanka (60th), scored better than India.
India’s GHI score 2023 stands at 28.7, categorized as “serious” on the GHI Severity of Hunger Scale.
This shows a slight improvement from its GHI 2015 score of 29.2, which was also deemed serious.
Also, compared to its alarming GHI scores of 38.4 in 2000 and 35.5 in 2008, India has made significant progress.
The report attempts to ‘raise awareness of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 2 that endeavors to achieve ‘Zero Hunger’ by 2030.