Pingali Venkayya was an Indian freedom fighter and a follower of Mahatma Gandhi who designed a flag, based on which Indian National Flag was designed later.
He belonged to a Telugu brahmin family, born at Bhatlapenumarru, near Machilipatnam (in present day Andhra Pradesh).
He completed high schooling in Madras and graduation in Cambridge University and was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 2011.
Members of Indian Independence movement had used several national flags before India’s independence in 1947.
National Flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya, which he presented to Mahatma Gandhi on April 1, 1912 when he visited to Vijayawada city.
In 1921, Mahatma Gandhi approved the design at Indian National Congress meeting in Vijayawada.
The Flag had two stripes viz., green and red along with a Gandhian charkha at the centre.
Later, he added white strip on the top following Mahatma Gandhi’s suggestion.
This became the original Tricolour and became a symbol of non-violent freedom movement of Mahatma Gandhi.